由来一 ： 神化传说
1.The Origin of Chinese New Year
The Chinese New Year is now popularly known as the Spring Festival because it starts from the Begining of Spring (the first of the twenty-four terms in coodination with the changes of Nature). Its origin is too old to be traced. Several explanations are hanging around. All agree, however, that the word Nian, which in modern Chinese solely means "year", was originally the name of a monster beast that started to prey on people the night before the beginning of a new year.
One legend goes that the beast Nian had a very big mouth that would swallow a great many people with one bite. People were very scared. One day, an old man came to their rescue, offering to subdue Nian. To Nian he said, "I hear say that you are very capable, but can you swallow the other beasts of prey on earth instead of people who are by no means of your worthy opponents?" So, it did swallow many of the beasts of prey on earth that also harrassed people and their domestic animals from time to time.
After that, the old man disappeared riding the beast Nian. He turned out to be an immortal god. Now that Nian is gone and other beasts of prey are also scared into forests, people begin to enjoy their peaceful life. Before the old man left, he had told people to put up red paper decorations on their windows and doors at each year's end to scare away Nian in case it sneaked back again, because red is the color the beast feared the most.
From then on, the tradition of observing the conquest of Nian is carried on from generation to generation. The term "Guo Nian", which may mean "Survive the Nian" becomes today "Celebrate the (New) Year" as the word "guo" in Chinese having both the meaning of "pass-over" and "observe". The custom of putting up red paper and firing fire-crackers to scare away Nian should it have a chance to run loose is still around. However, people today have long forgotten why they are doing all this, except that they feel the color and the sound add to the excitement of the celebration.
2. Chinese New Year
Its origin is ancient, but many believe the word Nian, which means "year", was the name of a beast that preyed on people on the eve of a new year.
In one legend, the beast, Nian, had the power to swallow up all the people in a village in one big bite. Village people were very scared of Nian.
One day, an old man came to the villagers' rescue, offering to subdue Nian. The old man asked Nian, "I know you can swallow people, but can you swallow other beasts of prey instead of people who are by no means your worthy opponents?"
Nian accepted the old man's challenge and swallowed the beasts that had harassed the villagers and their farm animals for years.
At the end of the legend, the old man disappeared riding off on Nian. In this legend, the old man turned out to be an immortal god.
In the end, Nian is gone and the other beasts of prey are scared into hiding in the forests. The villagers can once again enjoy their peaceful life.
The legend goes on to say before the old man left, he told the villagers to put red paper decorations on their windows and doors at each year's end in order to keep Nian away. It is believed Nian is afraid of the color red.
The tradition of observing the conquest of Nian is carried on from generation to generation. The term "Guo Nian", which means "Survive the Nian" became "Celebrate the Year" and the word "guo" in Chinese means both "pass over" and "observe".
The custom of putting up red paper and lighting firecrackers to scare away Nian continues today.
由来二 ： 冬去春来
China's traditional festivals have evolved through the centuries from past major events. For instance, long ago when people had a bountiful harvest, they gathered and celebrated their good fortune with gala performances. When natural disasters struck, they offered sacrifices to the gods and their ancestors, hoping for a blessing. The change of the seasons, flowers in spring, and the bright moon in autumn could all arouse their longing for a more beautiful life. Thus, creative activities were held to signify these events, Gradually these activities developed into festivals.
The most important festival in China is the Spring Festival. It is said that the Spring Festival evolved from an activity known as the Winter Sacrifice. It was a custom practiced by the people of primitive society.
As the cold winter began to recede and the warm spring was about to begin, the people of an entire clan gathered together. They brought out their bounty from hunting, fishing and the field. They thanked the gods for the blessings of nature, including the mountains, rivers, the sun ,moon and stars, They thanked their ancestors, then they shared and enjoyed the sumptuous bounty of the land, sea, air and fields as they ate, danced and sang heartily.
In the beginning, their activity had no fixed date. But usually it was held at the end of each winter. Gradually, through the years, it was celebrated at the end of the old year or the beginning of the new. With the changes and disintegration of primitive society, the form and content of the Winter Sacrifice also changed. Ultimately, it became a festival to bid farewell to the old year and welcome in the new year. So it came to be called the Spring Festival.
1、The origin of the Spring Festival because of a story. On New Years day, there was a monster called in to cause disturbance in the village. Years of appearance is very fierce. At this moment, there are an old man went into the village. Old lady hurriedly escape nien persuaded him to go to the mountain, but the old man slowly said: if you let me stay overnight in the home, I will drive away the years.
2、Years and came into the village, in the middle of the night, and found the old woman home with red couplets, startled. All of a sudden, the yard came the villagers firecrackers, years frighten ran. The villagers go back to the village, they saw there safe and sound, old woman to the villagers about all this. Years after being away on that day, never appear. The villagers live a life to live and work in peace and contentment.
Of all the traditional Chinese festivals, the new Year was perhaps
the most elaborate, colorful, and important.
This was a time for the
Chinese to congratulate each other and themselves on having passed
through another year, a time to finish out the old, and to welcome in
the new year.
Common expressions heard at this time are: GUONIAN to have
made it through the old year, and BAINIAN to congratulate the new year.
but many believe the word Nian, which means "year", was the name of a beast that preyed on people on the eve of a new year.
In one legend, the beast, Nian, had the power to swallow up all the
people in a village in one big bite. Village people were very scared of
One day, an old man came to the villagers' rescue, offering to
subdue Nian. The old man asked Nian, "I know you can swallow people, but
can you swallow other beasts of prey instead of people who are by no
means your worthy opponents?"
Nian accepted the old man's challenge and
swallowed the beasts that had harassed the villagers and their farm
animals for years. At the end of the legend, the old man disappeared
riding off on Nian.
In this legend, the old man turned out to be an
immortal god. In the end, Nian is gone and the other beasts of prey are
scared into hiding in the forests. The villagers can once again enjoy
their peaceful life.
From then on,the tradition of observing the conquest of Nian is
carried on from generation to generation.
The term "Guo Nian", which
means "Survive the Nian" became "Celebrate the Year" and the word "guo"
in Chinese means both "pass over" and "observe".
The Spring Festival falls on the 1st day of the 1st lunar month,often one month later than the Gregorian calendar.It originated in the Shang Dynasty (c.1600 BC-c.1100 BC) from the people's sacrifice to gods and ancestors at the end of an old year and the beginning of a new one.
Origin of the Spring Festival（春节的来历）:
1、The Spring Festival is the first year of the lunar calendar. Another name of the Spring Festival is the Spring Festival. It is the biggest, busiest and most important ancient traditional festival in China. It is also a unique festival for Chinese people.
2、It is the most concentrated expression of Chinese civilization. Since the Western Han Dynasty, the custom of Spring Festival has continued to this day. Spring Festival generally refers to New Year's Eve and the first day of the first lunar month.
3、But in the folk sense, the traditional Spring Festival refers to the sacrificial sacrifice on the eighth day of the eighth month or the sacrificial stove on the twenty-third or twenty-fourth day of the twentieth month until the fifteenth day of the first month, with the New Year's Eve and the first day of the first month as the climax.
（但在民间意义上，传统的春节是指以除夕和正月初一为 *** ，在八月八日的祭祀活动或在十二月二十三日、二十四日至正月十五日的祭祀炉灶活动。）
4、How to celebrate this festival has formed some relatively fixed customs and habits in the historical development of thousands of years, many of which are still handed down today. During the traditional festival of Spring Festival, the Han and most minority nationalities in China have to hold various celebrations.
5、Most of these activities mainly focus on sacrificing gods and Buddhas, sacrificing ancestors, removing old cloth and new cloth, celebrating the New Year, and praying for a good year.
6、The forms of activities are rich and colorful, with strong national characteristics. On May 20, 2006, "Spring Festival" folklore was approved by the State Council to be included in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list.
The custom of Spring Festival（春节的习俗）:
Paste New Year's pictures（贴年画）, watch the New Year's Day（守岁）, eat dumplings（吃饺子）, set off firecrackers（放鞭炮）, send red envelopes（发红包）, sweep dust9（扫尘）, celebrate New Year's Day（拜年）。
Spring Festival is the most important festival in China .
It’s to celebrate the lunar calendar ‘s new year .
In the evening before the Spring Festival ,families get together and have a big meal .
In many places people like to set off firecrackers .
Dumplings are the most traditional food .
Children like the festival very much ,because they can have delicious food and wear new clothes .
They can also get some money from their parents.
This money is given to children for good luck .
People put New Year scrolls on the wall for good fortune .
The Spring Festival lasts about 15 days long .
People visit relatives and friends with the words “Have all your wishes ”.
People enjoy the Spring Festival ,during this time they can have a good rest .